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Main page > Archive > 2014 > 11-12
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World report
Vienna opens a new main station for 987 million euros; The company Veolia withdraws InterConnex trains in Germany; Confusion about the selection of the contractor for high-speed lines in Mexico; 3 pages.

EU news
EU invests in the study of high-speed rail connection between Dresden and Prague; The new executive director of the European Railway Agency; The Commission calls Romania to complete the transposition of EU legislation on railway safety; 2 pages

Inland news
SEMTRAK 2014 – XVI National Scientific Conference in the field of Catenary; 2 pages.

Innotrans 2014
Author: Marek Graff, Agata Pomykała
During the jubilee 10th edition of the International Fairs for Transport Technology InnoTrans, which took place on 23-26 September 2014 in Berlin, were presented the 2 758 exhibitors from 55 countries and were exhibited 145 vehicles. All Berlin City Expocenter exhibition places were occupied, covering in total the area of 102.843 m2. Fairs were visited by 138 872 visitors from over 100 countries, and during open days an additional 15 thousand of rail enthusiasts. There were about a thousand journalists accredited from more than forty countries. It was - traditionally - an opportunity to sign contracts, for networking, and business arrangements. Poland was represented by almost 70 companies, among which for the first time in many years, however, was missing PKP Group companies. 9 pages.

National Urban Policy – opportunities and threats
Author: Andrzej Brzeziński, Tadeusz Bartosiński
The article discusses the principles of the National Urban Policy, which is a document defining rules to improve the capacity of cities and urban areas to create sustainable development, job creation and improving quality of life. It pointed out the pros and cons of this document and formulated proposals of its completion. 5 pages.
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The functioning of the regional railways in selected EU countries and in Poland
Author: Anna Mężyk
The aim of railway passenger regionalization is to ensure the provision of public services of the desired availability, quality and affordability. The article presents the solutions adopted in this area in selected European Union countries, like Sweden, UK and Germany and Poland. In particular, it highlights the competition on the market as a mechanism to stimulate the growth of efficiency of operators on the principles of financing railway transport and received as a result of these actions change of the size of railway transport volume. 10 pages.
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Inauguration of Małopolska Railways
Author: Michał Wojtaszek
November 6, 2014 on Main Railway Station in Krakow took place a ceremonial inauguration of the Małopolska Railway, a new railway company established by the authorities of the province of Małopolska. During the event for the first time we were also presented new electric multiple units which were purchased to support agglomeration and regional connections. 4 pages.

Designing public transport development plans for transport on the example of the Pomorskie province
Author: Hubert Kołodziejski
Sustainable development of public transport requires the determination of the desired modal split between public and individual transport and methods for reaching the target. Instrument to achieve the objective goal are supposed to be transport plans. Obligation to draw up these plans results from the law on the public transport, which specifies in detail the scope and form. As an example of fulfilling this obligation was presented a plan for the Pomorskie Region and municipal plans for Gdansk, Gdynia and Słupsk and municipalities, including the cities which submitted to cities their competences in public transport organization. All analysed plans meet legal requirements. They also include a projection of the development of public transport. On this basis, it is possible to achieve the objectives of sustainable transport strategy. These plans should, however, take more into account the role of non-motorized individual transport, including travels realised by a bicycle and on foot. 10 pages.

Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan as an comprehensive approach of planning urban mobility
Author: Katarzyna Hebel, Olgierd Wyszomirski
The article presents essential regulations for the transport plans in Poland. They are summarized with the EU guidelines for sustainable mobility planning defined in the most recent documents. This made possible to identify the similarities and differences in both approaches. Also the planning stages of sustainable mobility and the structure of sustainable urban mobility plan (SUMP) were characterized. On this basis, it was defined that SUMP is an expression of a comprehensive approach to mobility planning in cities. The current transport plans adopted by local authorities of selected Polish cities can serve as a basis to develop SUMPs, but after a significant shortening of the diagnostic part and after completing them with issues related to pedestrian, bicycle and automobile traffic and mobility management. 6 pages.

Kikanka – high-speed train Shinkansen in Japan with variable gauge system
Author: Marek Graff, Akihiro Nakamura
Japanese railways use two gauges - 1067 mm and 1435 mm, the Shinkansen lines were built from the beginning as a standard gauge (new lines, built from the scratch) and conventional lines - as narrow-gauge track. However, there are exceptions from this rule: Nagasaki Shinkansen line is planned as a normal-line and created by converting the existing (Nagasaki Main Line). In addition, two Shinkansen lines - Akita and Yamagata – were created by converting line of 1,067 mm gauge. 5 pages.
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Modern rolling stock of Belarussian Railway
Author: Marek Graff
The Belarusian Railways recently purchased many modern rail vehicles - locomotives and multiple units, both diesel and electric. It modernized a part of diesel locomotives for shunting. The main railway lines are electrified (25 kV 50 Hz), although more than half of lines are not electrified. Virtually all the lines are wide gauge (1520 mm). The new fleet was produced by manufacturers other than Russian (until then Belarusian Railways did not use rolling stock of western production). There are also new fast regional trains from Minsk to major cities in Belarus - Baranavichy, Brest, Orsha and others. They are served by electric multiple units, Flirts produced by Stadler. In addition, the suburban railway was established in Minsk agglomeration. They are used there Flirt EMUs, in a changed model, comparing to the regional transport fleet. On non-electrified lines are operated diesel railcars and multiple units manufactured by Polish company Pesa. The new diesel locomotives for passenger trains come from the factory in Kolomna (Russia), and those imported from the former Czechoslovakia have been modernized. For the operation of freight trains were purchased in China new electric locomotives based on Alstom-designed vehicles Prima. There are plans of additional purchases of similar locomotives. 10 pages.

Control of the nonusage of railway track with track circuits and meters of the axles
Author: Henryk Karbowiak, Andrzej Szymczewski
With the development of rail transport, it was necessary to replace the subjective assessment of unoccupied tracks and turnouts, made by human by a control carried out by devices to ensure the safety of rail traffic. Currently, to the occupation of track control are used tracks circuits and axle counters with sensors. Occupation control of the tracks, beside the basic task, which is to ensure traffic safety, also allows automation of railway traffic control. 2 pages.

Monitoring the maintenance activity of railway vehicles â the case study
Author: Katarzyna Chruzik, Rafał Wachnik
European Commission Regulation No. 445/2011 [1] on the system of certification of entities in charge of maintenance (ECM) for freight wagons imposes on these entities the obligation of monitoring the state of the wagons, without specifying the method or manner of supervision. In the publication are presented issues related to the monitoring of maintenance operations for rail vehicles and based on the PN-EN 50126: 2002 solutions dedicated to those responsible for the maintenance of freight wagons together with a practical application. 5 pages

The infl uence of the spatial structure of the supply system for urban traction energy consumption - theoretical analysis
Author: Mikołaj Bartłomiejczyk, Marcin Połom
The structure of the energy supply system is one of the key elements influencing the energy consumption of urban transport and the cost of its construction and operation. The article presents a comparative analysis of the four variants of spatial power supply systems. 6 pages
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