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High Speed Project In Poland in the context of developmental trends of railways in Europe
Author: Jan Raczyński
High-speed lines for efficient rail transport are equivalent to motorways and express roads for road transport. In Poland, we have 3.5 thousand km of the latter, on the contrary we currently have less than 100 km of the maximum speed (200 km / h) lines and line a speed of 300 km / h construction projects did not go beyond the planning phase. The length of motorways and express roads Poland is already on 6th place in the European Union, and so the place corresponding to the size of our country and its economic potential. Plans for the construction of motorways indicate that in a few years, the length of these roads will be greater than in the UK. This translates to a substantial loss of competitiveness of railways in long-distance passenger which market share in Poland is marginal (and, according to transport development strategy until 2020 it is to be even reduced). Continuation and even acceleration of the development program of high-speed rail in Poland is crucial for the Polish transport. In 2015 they will be completed all study work, scheduled to the EU budget perspective now ending, allowing the start of preparatory works for the construction of new lines. The inclusion of Polish projects into Trans-European Transport Network gives the possibility of EU funding. 11 pages.
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Costs and benefits of the high speeds railway systems
Author: Tadeusz Dyr, Karolina Ziółkowska
In the evaluation of the investment effectiveness associated with the development of high-speed railways system, identification of costs and benefits streams associated with the infrastructure maintenance and providing the transport service is essential. According to accessible reports, the article presents unit costs as the trains speed function. On this base the conclusions concerning the appropriateness of the high-speed railways system development in Poland were formulated.

Shinkansen – half of century high speed railway
Author: Marek Rabsztyn
In October last year, JR Central train in Japan celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Tokaido Shinkansen high speed. It was the first high speed line in the world. 6 pages.

Chinese high speed and an evaluation of traffic
Author: Marek Rabsztyn
The extraordinary growth of Chinese high-speed railway network is one of the hallmarks of recent years, delimiting the directions of further development of railways. In terms of the length of high-speed railway lines in the world there is no country that could compete with China. In October of 2014 length of the network there reached 12 183 km. China built nearly 4 times more kilometres of high-speed lines than Spain, which takes in terms of the length of the line in second place in the world. Today, most Chinese provinces are either already connected to the network with a speed of at least 200 km / h or is being in process of being connected to such a network. 4 pages.

Development of the high speed railway in Europe
Author: Andrzej Harassek
In October last year it's been 50 years since the opening of the first Shinkansen express trains line linking Tokyo with Osaka, Japan. Initially were developed trains on the new line, called The New Tokkaido, speed to 210 km / h. For this reason, according to contemporary standards, the line did not meet all the criteria now applied to high-speed rail. But it was a line built from scratch, designed specifically for high-speed trains traffic and in Japan it was also so exceptional because - unlike the rest of the rail network with a track width 1 067 mm – used there on the 1 435 mm gauge. For these reasons, the line Tokkaido was generally recognized as the world's first high-speed line, and Japan is regarded as high-speed rail homeland. To the development of Japanese high-speed train network is dedicated a separate article in TTS, so in this text, these issues will be ignored. It will be discussed the expansion of high speed rail network in Europe. 9 pages.
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Financing the development of the TEN-T from the Connecting Europe Facility
Author: Tadeusz Dyr, Agata Pomykała, Jan Raczyński
The development of trans-European transport network (TEN-T) is an important factor ensuring the correct functioning of the internal market, economic, social and territorial cohesion and improved accessibility across the EU. In its development it is essential to ensure financial resources for the implementation of new projects and study and preparation works. Support for investment in this area is provided with the "Connecting Europe Facility" (Connecting Europe Facility - CEF), established by the Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council (EU) No 1316/2013 [8]. Its assumptions are presented in this article. 4 pages.

Adapting a Central Trunk Line to high speeds
Author: Andrzej Massel
In December of 2014 began a normal operation of the first electric multiple units ED250 series Pendolino, manufactured by Alstom for PKP Intercity. These are the first high-speed vehicles used on Polish railways. But no less important was the completion of the series of major investments in infrastructure or its important stages [13]. On the Central Railway as on the first line of Polish railways, traffic was started using a secure traffic control ETCS Level 1 and trains carrying passengers on CMK run with a scheduled speed of 200 km / h [19]. This article discusses the conditions of entry of the speed of 200 km / h in regular train traffic on Polish railways with special emphasis on the preparation of track infrastructure. 6 pages.

Passenger service in the high speed systems
Author: Andrzej Żurkowski
The introduction in December 2014 of ED250 train connections (Pendolino) at a speed of 200 km / h on the upgraded CMK line is - in accordance with Directive 2008/57 on the railway interoperability – beginning of connections in the high-speed railway (HSR) system in Poland. It is the first - important - step to create in the near future a fast, modern railway between agglomerations across the country and on international relations. 4 pages.





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